Implementation Of Handling Hazardous And Toxic Waste (B3) From The Covid-19 Patient That Manage By Hospital
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that Covid-19 was a global pandemic which was followed by the determination of the non-natural disaster for the spread of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) as a national disaster based on Presidential Decree of the Republic of Indonesia number 12 of 2020 (State Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia, 2020). In Law No. 24 of 2007 concerning Disaster Management is defined that non-natural disasters are disasters caused by non-natural events or series of events, which include technological failure, modernization failure, epidemics, and disease outbreaks. With the enactment of this presidential decree, all resources are devoted to handling the victims special hospitals for handling Covid-19. All individuals who are in the hospital are at risk of being exposed to Hazardous and Toxic (B3) waste, not only to patients but also to individuals who work in hospitals such as medical, administrative and support personnel. As a result of careless management, officers who are in health care facilities that produce B3 waste or who are outside this source but who are tasked with handling this waste are at risk of being exposed to B3 waste. the purpose of this study is to determine the implementation of handling hazardous and toxic waste (B3) from the Covid-19 Patient Management Hospital. The approach used in research this is a sociological juridical approach, is a method that examines the law as the realities that live in society include social reality, cultural reality and so on. This research will be a research descriptive using qualitative data. In order to be more sensitive in capturing information qualitative, used a case study in the form of status research subjects with respect to a phase specific or typical of the whole personality in the form of individuals, groups and institutions or institution. The data collection method in this research uses literature study and the data sources used are primary data sources, namely the Environmental Law and other laws relevant to the research. Handling of waste from the source can be done in a number of steps that are easy for the general public to do, namely sorting, containerization and disinfection, and labeling. The continued handling of household infectious waste can be carried out with 2 options, namely transportation by special means (if provided by the local government) then the waste is transported and treated according to the B3 waste handling procedure. The second option is transportation without special means, following domestic waste handling procedures, however, on the condition that a health risk reduction procedure has been carried out and has been stored for 72 hours. It is hoped that this research can become one of the information and media for socializing the handling of infectious waste at household scale for the wider community.
Keywords: covid-19, handling hazardous, toxic waste